Why Conspiracy Theories Thrive in Democracies

Become a Patron! Conspiracy Theories Thrive in Democracies Moisés Naím describes a new authoritarian figure in his most recent book, The Revenge of Power. He refers to the 3P autocrat who relies on populism, polarization, and post-truth. Post-truth is an ambiguous term, but came into vogue with the ascendance of Donald Trump. He thrived on misinformation... Continue Reading →

What is a Fifth Column?

Become a Patron! What is a Fifth Column? During World War II, the United States incarcerated 120,000 people of Japanese descent in internment camps. Somewhere around two-thirds were American citizens. At the time, Americans in government and civil society feared the presence of a fifth column who would work against the war effort. A fifth... Continue Reading →

Conspiracy Theories as a Tool of Mass Mobilization

Become a Patron! Conspiracy Theories and Mass Mobilization Karl Lowenstein wrote long ago, "Fascism is not an ideology but a political technique." Totalitarianism is distinct from authoritarianism. Both are undemocratic, but totalitarianism mobilizes the people. It makes them complicit in the assault on democracy. It's difficult to wrap your head around. Authoritarianism, on the other... Continue Reading →

Conspiracy Theories in Politics

Become a Patron! Political Conspiracy Theories A few months ago, Congressman Madison Cawthorn made allegations of orgies  and widespread cocaine use among elected officials. He presented no evidence, but refused to back down when confronted. His remarks reminded many of Joseph McCarthy's allegations of communist infiltration within the United States government during the Cold War.... Continue Reading →

Serhii Plokhy’s Atoms to Ashes

Become a Patron!Review of Atoms to Ashes Serhi Plokhy wrote his latest book Atoms to Ashes as a warning against nuclear power. When he wrote the book, many intellectuals had reconsidered nuclear power as a solution to climate change. However, it's likely its momentum will grow as others consider dependence on Russian oil and gas as an... Continue Reading →

Nuclear Energy Leads to Black Swans

Nuclear Energy Leads to Black Swans In early March Russia seized the Zaporizhzhia nuclear facility in Southeastern Ukraine. It is the largest in Europe and among the ten largest in the world. During an early morning battle for control of the facility, a fire  broke out in the plant. It did not cause a radiation... Continue Reading →

Is Nuclear Power the Answer?

Become a Patron! Nuclear Power has Risks Every couple years the debate over nuclear power resurfaces. The fundamental questions remain unresolved partly in hope the technology will improve, but also out of fear. The public fears the consequences from nuclear power. Moreover, the fear is not entirely misplaced. Every few years a new disaster occurs... Continue Reading →

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