I do not include references as often as I should. This is my attempt to create a running works cited. This is not a diary of everything I read. But I do feel a responsibility to include some of the books and articles I am referencing directly or indirectly.


  1. Huq, Aziz Z., and Tom Ginsburg. 2018. “How to Lose a Constitutional Democracy.” U.C.L.A. Law Review 65: 78–169.
  2. Olson, Mancur. 1993. “Dictatorship, Democracy, and Development.” American Political Science Review 87(03): 567–76.
  3. Svolik, Milan W. “When Polarization Trumps Civic Virtue: Partisan Conflict and the Subversion of Democracy by Incumbents.” Yale University. https://cpb-us-w2.wpmucdn.com/campuspress.yale.edu/dist/6/1038/files/2018/09/polarization_manuscript-2ex9y63.pdf (February 10, 2019).
  4. Wike, Richard, Katie Simmons, Bruce Stokes, and Janell Fetterolf. 2017. Globally, Broad Support for Representative and Direct Democracy. Pew Research Center. publication. http://www.pewglobal.org/2017/10/16/globally-broad-support-for-representative-and-direct-democracy/.
  5. Zakaria, Fareed. 1997. “The Rise of Illiberal Democracy.” Foreign Affairs 76(6): 22–43.


  1. Fukuyama, Francis. 2011. The Origins of Political Order. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
  2. Ginsburg, Tom, and Aziz Z. Huq. 2018. How to Save a Constitutional Democracy. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
  3. Huntington, Samuel P. 2006. Political Order in Changing Societies. New Haven, CT: Yale Univ. Press.
  4. Levitsky, Steven, and Daniel Ziblatt. 2018. How Democracies Die. London: Penguin Books.
  5. Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. 1920. The Social Contract. London: Dent.