John Ikenberry joins the Democracy Paradox to explain liberal internationalism. This is the 22nd episode of the Democracy Paradox podcast and the first part of “Liberalism, Capitalism, Communism” about the Global Ascendance of China.
A World Safe for Democracy
Democracy is often imagined at its purest at a micro level. Town hall meetings are sometimes imagined as a simpler form of democratic governance, so international relations can feel as though it is miles away from democracy. Andy yet, the international liberal order has brought about the vast proliferation of democracy around the world.
My guest, John Ikenberry, notes “Liberal democracy was both a national and an international project… Its institutions and ideals were premised on an expanding world of trade, exchange, and community.” Scholars talk about liberal democracy. Sometimes it is not clear whether liberalism depends on democracy or democracy depends on liberalism. It’s easy to assume liberalism is necessary to limit the dangers of democracy, but one of my favorite scholars, Sheri Berman, explains, “Liberalism unchecked by democracy can easily deteriorate into oligarchy or technocracy.” The two are linked.
John Ikenberry on Liberal Internationalism
G. John Ikenberry has written about liberal internationalism since the 1980s. He is a giant in the field of international relations. He is a Professor of Politics and International Relations at Princeton University and the author of the new book A World Safe for Democracy: Liberal Internationalism and the Crisis of Global Order. Our conversation explores political theory and international theory, but also American history and current events.
“Liberalism, Capitalism, Communism” is a three-part episode arc about the global ascendance of China. This is the first part. But China is not the focus here. This is not by accident. This episode offers essential context. It’s impossible to grasp the impact of China until we explain the liberal international order and its importance.
My hope is you will have a stronger sense of what is at stake as we discuss China with two different scholars who have very different perspectives. This is a great conversation and a wonderful introduction for the next two weeks.
Listen at Apple Podcasts, Spotify, Google Podcasts, Stitcher or wherever you find your podcasts. You can find A World Safe for Democracy: Liberal Internationalism and the Crisis of Global Order at Amazon or your local library. The introduction and outro feature the music of Apes of the State. You can find their music on Spotify or Bandcamp.
Mareike Ohlberg on the Global Influence of the Chinese Communist Party
Xiaoyu Pu on China’s Global Identities
Thoughts on Stephen Holmes and Ivan Krastev’s The Light that Failed